One of the most frequently asked questions of ocean goers in the Gulf of Maine is, “Are the water temperatures warmer this year?” GMRI’s Ocean Data Products team worked with partners at The Northeastern Regional Association of Coastal and Ocean Observing Systems (NERACOOS) to develop the Ocean and Climate Weather Display to help users answer that question.
By processing over a decade of hourly observations from buoys in the Gulf of Maine and Long Island Sound, baseline climatologies (average conditions over a period of time) were calculated to determine the average highs and lows on daily and monthly scale for temperature and other parameters.
The data were integrated into an easy to use, interactive visualization tool that delivers information about average weather and ocean conditions measured at buoys in the Northeast between 2001 and 2014. The daily and monthly averages are updated regularly, and overlay the historic data. This allows users to compare today’s information to the average conditions from a previous year, month, or even yesterday and look for trends and patterns in the data.
The data in the display are from the NERACOOS-supported buoys that are deployed throughout the Northeast and have been collecting weather and ocean data for nearly 15 years. The interactive charting tool allows users to toggle between buoys, data types, and time periods. Additionally, all the data that are used to create the charts is available for download.