The concept of Ecosystem Services continues to evolve, and researchers around the world have recently introduced the notions of ‘Nature’s contribution to People’ along with the notion of ‘relational values’ to broaden the understanding of those services. These researchers argue that current frameworks, such as the Millennium Ecosystem Services Assessment (MA), depend too heavily on ecologists and economists and ignore relevant perspectives from from experts in social science fields like sociology, anthropology and ethnography. Experts from these fields could contribute currently lacking perspectives and ideas that would lead to more a more robust, all encompassing Ecosystem Services framework.
The introduced terms above are already fiercely debated in international forums like The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), but because of how novel these concepts are, these debates could be improved through real-life case-studies that explore these notions. This research aims to conduct three case studies, in Japan and US, to identify and develop assessment tools that clarify the importance of concept of ‘relational values’. Our studies will focus on the relational values that develop as local populations interact with their surrounding ecosystems to maintain their livelihoods. Further, this research will introduce these case-studies and the methodology to international platforms like IPBES. This will enable researchers at the international stage to more critically assess the current environment policy framework which emphasizes economic efficiency, by highlighting the importance of incorporating interdisciplinary, local perspectives into the discussion.
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Gulf of Maine, Explained